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What is Information Technology?
When computer and communications technologies are combined, the result is information technology, or "InfoTech". Information Technology (IT) is a general term that describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information. Presumably, when speaking of Information Technology (IT) as a whole, it is noted that the use of computers and information are associated.
India’s stand in world & Industry requirement forecast.
As per one of the studies, presented to president of India, Dr. Kalam, India has youth strength of 540 million. Today the developed nations are looking at us as one of the most potential brain providers. Indians are the most wanted commodity in the world because of their higher dedication and intelligence capacities.
We are among top 5 nations of the world in terms of GDP. We have 10 percent growth rate in most areas. Our achievements are being globally recognized today. We are number one in Remote sensing satellites. This clearly indicates our potential in the field of IT and its development.
Employment of computer and information systems managers is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2016.
The increasing use of technology in the workplace is projected to lead to faster than average growth in this occupation. Due to employment increases and because of the high demand for technical workers, prospects should be excellent for qualified job candidates.
Nature of the Work for Computer and Information Professionals
In the modern workplace, it is important that technology works effectively and reliably.
In order to bring a mutual and balanced growth of the organization, appropriate human resourcing becomes crucial. Computer and information professionals play a vital role in the implementation of technology within their organizations. They do everything from helping to construct a business plan to overseeing network security, to directing Internet operations.
Evaluate the newest and most innovative technologies and determine how these can help their organizations.
The chief technology officer often reports to the organization’s chief information officer, manages and plans technical standards, and tends to the daily information technology issues of the firm.
Because of the rapid pace of technological change, chief technology officers must constantly be on the lookout for developments that could benefit their organizations.
Once a useful tool has been identified, the CTO must determine an implementation strategy and sell that strategy to management.
They manage computing resources for their organizations.
They often work under the chief information officer and plan and direct the work of subordinate information technology employees.
They ensure the availability, continuity, and security of data and information technology services in their organizations. In this capacity, they oversee a variety of user services such as an organization’s help desk, which employees can call with questions or problems.
MIS directors also may make hardware and software upgrade recommendations based on their experience with an organization’s technology.
They develop requirements, budgets, and schedules for their firms’ information technology projects.
They coordinate such projects from development through implementation, working with internal and external clients, vendors, consultants, and computer specialists.
These managers are increasingly involved in projects that upgrade the information security of an organization.
  • Computer and information systems managers plan, coordinate, and direct research and facilitate the computer-related activities of firms.
  • They help determine both technical and business goals in consultation with top management and make detailed plans for the accomplishment of these goals.
  • Computer and information systems managers direct the work of systems analysts, computer programmers, support specialists, and other computer-related workers.
  • They plan and coordinate activities such as installation and upgrading of hardware and software, programming and systems design, development of computer networks, and implementation of Internet and intranet sites.
    They are increasingly involved with the upkeep, maintenance, and security of networks.
    They analyze the computer and information needs of their organizations from an operational and strategic perspective and determine immediate and long-range personnel and equipment requirements.
    They assign and review the work of their subordinates and stay abreast of the latest technology to ensure the organization does not lag behind competitors.
    Computer and information systems professionals spend most of their time in offices. They work at least 40 hours a week and some may have to work evenings and weekends to meet deadlines or solve unexpected problems. Some computer and information systems managers may experience considerable pressure in meeting technical goals with short deadlines or tight budgets. As networks continue to expand and more work is done remotely, computer and information systems managers have to communicate with and oversee offsite employees using modems, laptops, e-mail, and the Internet.
    Job Training and Education Requirements for Computer and Information Systems Professionals
    Computer and information systems professionals are generally experienced workers who have both technical expertise and an understanding of business and management principles. A strong educational background and experience in a variety of technical fields is needed.
    Education and Training
    A bachelor’s degree usually is required for management positions, although employers often prefer a graduate degree, especially an MBA with technology as a core component. This degree differs from a traditional MBA in that there is a heavy emphasis on information technology in addition to the standard business curriculum. This preparation is becoming important because more computer and information systems managers are making important technology decisions as well as business decisions for their organizations.
    Some universities offer degrees in management information systems. These degrees blend technical subjects with business, accounting, and communications courses. A few computer and information systems managers attain their positions with only an associate or trade school degree, but they must have sufficient experience and must have acquired additional skills on the job. To aid their professional advancement, many managers with an associate degree eventually earn a bachelor’s or master’s degree while working.
    Business Insight
    Computer and information systems Professionals need a broad range of skills.
    Employers look for managers who have experience with the specific software or technology used on the job, as well as a background in either consulting or business management. The expansion of electronic commerce has elevated the importance of business insight an d, consequently, many computer and information systems managers are called on to make important business decisions. Managers need a keen understanding of people, management processes, and customers’ needs.
    • Advanced technical knowledge is essential for computer and information systems professionals.
    Professionals must understand and guide the work of their subordinates yet also explain the work in nontechnical terms to senior managers and potential customers.
    Competence to move the up the ladder of computer profession comes while initially taking up work as systems analyst, computer support specialist, programmer, or other information technology professional.
    There is a wide variety of certifications available that may be helpful in getting a job.
    These certifications are often product-specific, and are generally administered by software or hardware companies.
    Computer and information systems managers may advance to progressively higher leadership positions in the information technology department. A project manager might, for instance, move up to the chief technology officer position and then to chief information officer. On occasion, some may become managers in non-technical areas such as marketing, human resources, or sales because in high technology firms an understanding of technical issues is helpful in those areas.
    Computer and information systems managers held about 264,500 jobs in 2006.
    About 1 in 4 computer managers worked in service-providing industries, mainly in computer systems design and related services. This industry provides services related to the commercial use of computers on a contract basis, including custom computer programming services; computer systems integration design services; computer facilities management.
    Services, including computer systems or data-processing facilities support services; and other computer-related services, such as disaster recovery services and software installation.
    Other large employers include insurance and financial firms, government agencies, and manufacturers.
    Employment of computer and information systems managers is expected to grow 16 percent over the 2006-16 decade, which is faster than the average for all occupations. New applications of technology in the workplace will continue to drive demand for workers, fueling the need for more managers.
    With the explosive growth of electronic commerce and the capacity of the Internet to create new relationships with customers, the role of computer and information systems managers will continue to evolve. Workers who have experience in web applications and Internet technologies will become increasingly vital to their companies.
    Prospects for qualified computer and information systems managers should be excellent. Fast-paced occupational growth and the limited supply of technical workers will lead to a wealth of opportunities for qualified individuals.
    Individuals with specialized technical knowledge and strong communications skills will have the best prospects. People with management skills and an understanding of business practices and principles will have excellent opportunities, as companies are increasingly looking to technology to drive their revenue.
    Technologies and Careers
    Development Platform – Microsoft .NET
    Development Platform – JAVA
    Development Platform - PHP
    Development Platform - Python
    Development Platform – C, C++, Data Structure
    Development Platform – Web Development
    Development Platform - Client Server
    OS Technology UNIX
    OS Technology Linux
    OS Technology Macintosh
    OS Sun Solaris
    OS Microsoft
    Chief technology officers (CTOs)
    Management Information Systems (MIS) Directors or
    Information Technology (IT) Directors
    Information systems managers
    IT managers
    Project Managers
    System Managers
    LAN managers
    Network architects
    Network administrator
    Software Developer
    Software Engineer
    Web Developer
    Web Coordinator
    Application Programmer
    System Programmer
    Chip Programmer / Embedded Programmer / Firm Ware Programmer
    System Analysts
    Database Administrator
    Computer Support Specialist
    System Administrators
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